Pest Identification A Pest-Free Life Is on the Horizon

Pest Identification

Common New Jersey Pests


Biology: Carpenter Ants, large ants - 1/8" - 1/2" Color: Black with possible combinations of red and black or completely red or brown.

Threat: Wood destroying possibly causing structural damage.

Bed Bugs

Color & Biology: Reddish-brown. Adult bed bugs are about ¼ inch long, oval, and wingless. Their body is very flat, and they possess long, slender legs and antennae. Immature bed bugs are known either as "larvae" or "nymphs."

Threat: Bed bugs require blood in order to reproduce and complete their life cycle. The effect of bed bug bites varies among people, but they eventually produce red welts that itch. The bites themselves are not painful and typically are not felt.


Include: Bumble bees, carpenter bees, honey bees, hornets, and wasps.

Threat: Carpenter bees and wood wasps bore into wood, potentially causing structural damage.


Biology: Light brown to tan; reddish brown. Oval in outline, body flattened, head partially or entirely concealed beneath prenatal shield. Common interior roaches - German, Brownbanded, Oriental, and American.

Threat: Their presence is a nuisance but they are also known to be capable of carrying many common disease pathogens as well as causing allergic reactions.


Biology: The house fly has a complete metamorphosis with distinct egg, larva or maggot, pupal and adult stages.

Threat: Not only are house flies a nuisance, but they can also transport disease causing organisms.


Biology: Female mosquitoes have a long proboscis that they use to bite animals and humans and feed on their blood (the blood provides proteins that the females need to lay eggs). After they feed, females lay their eggs.

Threat: Mosquitoes can be very annoying, their bites can produce itchy welts, and the bites of some species are painful to certain individuals.


Biology: The adult mouse weighs about 2/5 to 4/5 ounces. They are generally grayish-brown with a gray or buff belly. Norway rat is also called the brown rat, house rat, barn rat, sewer rat, gray rat, or wharf rat.

Threat: They can damage/destroy property, eat and contaminate food, and carry and transmit diseases. They also carry parasites such as fleas and ticks that carry diseases.


Include: The Brown Recluse and Black Widow.

Threat: Reaction to their bites can be severe, in sensitive individuals.


Include: Eastern Subterranean Swarmer - 3/8" long including wings. Dark Brown to Black - Wings - translucent - appear silvery. Workers and soldiers - white, creamy color, generally stay in wood or mud tunnels. Wood destroying potentially causing great structural damage.


Various sizes and shapes, depending on the type of tick and stage of life. They are blood feeders and can transmit diseases such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia, and tick paralysis.

  • Google
  • Angie's List
  • National Pest Management Association

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