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The Tick-Borne Disease That You Have Never Heard Of Can Kill

Filed under: Tick Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 3:08 pm December 12, 2017

The Tick-Borne Disease That You Have Never Heard Of Can Kill

In many countries around the world, mosquitoes are the most dangerous disease spreading bugs. However, in the United States, mosquitoes are forced to take a back seat to another dangerous bug–ticks. Although ticks are not technically insects, the diseases that they spread to humans and other animals are nevertheless often, and incorrectly, referred to as insect-borne diseases. Ticks are, of course, arachnids. It would be accurate to refer to both mosquito and tick-borne diseases as “vector-borne diseases”.

Nearly all adult Americans are familiar with lyme disease. And it is also well known that disease spreading ticks are most active in the northeast region of the US. Despite rarely hearing of people falling victim to tick-borne diseases in western regions of the country, there is one tick-borne disease that is only spread within western US states. The disease is referred to as tick-borne relapsing fever (TBRF). This disease is rare and not well known among the American public.

Tick-borne relapsing fever is contracted by people who are located west of the Mississippi River. The Majority of cases are reported in regions farther west of the Rocky Mountains. The disease is caused by a bacteria belonging to the spirochete species. This particular bacterial species also causes syphilis. In cases that are left untreated, TBRF can be fatal.

Tick-borne relapsing fever causes infected individuals to experience repeated bouts of fever, nausea, muscle weakness, chills, lethargy, vomiting, headaches, joint pain, and abdominal pain. Sometimes, the disease can disappear on its own in healthy individuals. However, the symptoms are so unpleasant that most infected individuals will visit a physician.

The first bout of illness occurs around seven days after the initial tick bite. The symptoms then last three to seven days. An infected individual can then remain asymptomatic for up to two weeks before symptoms return. These bouts of flu-like illness are most often repeated three to five times, but some people reexperience the symptoms up to ten times. The sooner treatment is sought, the sooner symptoms will disappear.

The ticks that spread the disease-causing bacteria are referred to as Ornithodoros turicata ticks. Amazingly, these ticks can continue to transmit the dangerous bacteria for up to seven years without a blood-meal.

Have you ever heard of someone, whether it be on the news or elsewhere, contracting tick-borne relapsing fever?

A Rare Tick Finding Has Public Health Officials Concerned

Filed under: Tick Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 3:39 pm December 4, 2017

A Rare Tick Finding Has Public Health Officials Concerned

Although mosquitoes transmit the greatest amount of insect-borne diseases worldwide, ticks spread more disease than mosquitoes do within the United States. This may be shocking to some, but for those who live in the northeast US, this information is probably not news. However, even for people living in the northeast, the recent discovery of an exceptionally rare tick in the region has the public, as well as public health officials concerned. The tick is known as the east Asian tick, and this species has only been spotted a few times on American soil. This rare species was discovered in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Wildlife officials in the area are urging anyone who spots the tick to notify them immediately. The Secretary of Agriculture in New Jersey also confirmed the rare tick find on Wednesday. The east Asian tick was found in a Hunterdon County farm. This particular species is also referred to as the bush tick or the longhorned tick.

The east Asian tick is a known pest to deer and it is notorious for having a wide host range, therefore it can infect a variety of wildlife species, and humans can fall ill from its bite as well. The tick is particularly dangerous to livestock including cattle, sheep, goats and farmed deer. This rare tick is known for spreading a disease to cattle that is known as theileriosis. This disease causes anemia and sometimes death.

Although this tick is hard to detect during its larval and nymphal stages, this tick grows to the size of a pea when engorged with blood. This tick is not yet known to spread tick-borne diseases among residents of New Jersey, but that certainly does not indicate that this tick is harmless. This tick species is associated with multiple tick-borne diseases in other parts of the world where it is native. So it would be a mistake to assume that a bite from the east Asian tick is benign. The east Asian tick is not known to inhabit the US, but these ticks have been spotted in shipping containers in port cities several times in the past.

Do you think that east Asian ticks are more numerous in the United States than is currently assumed?

Why Are There So Many Disease-Spreading Ticks In The Northeastern United States?

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Pest Control,Tick Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 3:23 pm November 21, 2017

Why Are There So Many Disease-Spreading Ticks In The Northeastern United States?

We all know that disease-spreading ticks are common in the northeastern region of America. There are also smaller tick populations in the upper midwest region of America. But the vast majority of lyme disease cases occur in the northeast. But why is this? Why aren’t ticks more prevalent in other areas of the United States? First of all, not all ticks transmit disease. The ticks that are of medical concern are known as black legged ticks. Black legged tick populations are at their highest in the northeast. Since the early nineties, disease spreading ticks have been becoming more and more threatening to the health of the public. However, ticks themselves are not always to blame, as there are many animals that carry diseases, such as Lyme. For example, mice are sometimes carrying Lyme disease, and ticks love burrowing into mice. This is why an abundance of mice in a particular environment can also mean an abundance of lyme-carrying ticks. If mice are noticeably abundant one year, then we can expect a large influx of lyme-carrying ticks the next year. This year, 2017, saw an increase in lyme infection rates, and researchers believe that this increase could have been caused by a surge of mice in the Hudson River Valley during the fall of 2016.

During the fall of 2016 the startlingly high amounts of mice in the northeast were of concern to entomologists and other researchers. By 2017 the mice were less numerous, but lyme disease cases were skyrocketing. Now researchers can predict lyme disease infection rates by examining the prevalence of mice. Unfortunately, this means counting the number of mice in an environment, which can be a tall order. Predicting exactly where in the northeast lyme-carrying ticks will be most abundant is too hard to tell at the moment, but anybody living there should obviously take every precaution against contracting tick-borne diseases.

Have you ever found a tick on your skin days after you had last ventured outdoors? Were you tested for tick-borne diseases?

5 Effective Ways to Protect Against Ticks

Filed under: Tick Control — admin @ 3:00 pm July 5, 2016

tick control

Ticks thrive in warm, moist conditions which is the reason they are so prolific from late spring through fall. While these months are considered “tick season”, most species can survive through the winter in temperatures over freezing, making them a year-round threat.

In order to reduce the risks involved with tick-borne illness, here the top 5 things you can do to protect yourself against ticks:

Create a chemical barrier between your home and the pests

There is a common belief that trap-setting is an effective way to deal with unwanted parasites; however that is the last thing you want to do. You are essentially inviting them closer with pleasant scents, while a chemical spray will both eliminate any existing tick and encourage other “visitors” to go elsewhere. If the chemical Acaricide is applied correctly, even once, it can kill up to 100% of the population.

Beware of wild and domesticated animals

While it may be nice to be in the company of a local deer during a barbeque or family outing, these are the large mammals that carry the highest risk of transporting one of the worst species of ticks. The deer tick is incredibly resilient and transmits Lyme disease up to 60% of the time.  It takes up to 48 hours for their saliva to inject the toxins into the blood stream so it is good practice to checkboth youself and any furry friend you may take care of right after being outside.

Create a chemical barrier between yourself and the wild

If you are leaving your house and plan to spend time outside for any reason, but especially in a wooded area, cover any exposed skin first with N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide, or DEET for short. Any product that contains at least 20% concentration of this repellant will provide protection from ticks for hours. (For clothing, spray with permethrin which kills ticks and can endure through multiple washes)

Know the symptoms of Lyme disease

If you are one of the more than 300,000 unfortunate people infected with Lyme disease each year, the symptoms may present themselves similar to the common flu, often accompanied by a bulls-eye patterned rash. If this is the case, it is highly advised to visit a doctor who can prescribe the appropriate antibiotics as soon as possible. If left untreated, Lyme disease can cause neurological problems including, but not limited to, facial paralysis and excruciating pain in muscles, joints, and bones. The disease can be completely eradicated with medication.

Avoid areas where ticks are most common

Ticks can be anywhere, but especially in wooded or grassy areas. Pay particular attention to leaves and shrubs as these are the flora which ticks can attach to until meeting with a host. Frost will not always kill all species of ticks, so continue to be aware of where you walk in the cooler months following the Fall.

If you need effective tick control in NJ, let us know and we’ll let you know your best course of action.

When Wildlife Enters Your Home This Winter Ticks are with Them

Filed under: Nuisance Wildlife & Animal Control,Tick Control — Megan Howard @ 9:00 am December 30, 2014

Tick Control

When wildlife enters an attic or basement during winter, it is not just the animal seeking shelter that you have to worry about, but the diseases and parasites that they bring with them. Tick and fleas are known carriers of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tick paralysis, Lyme disease, Q-fever, tularemia and other diseases that can infect people, your pets, and wildlife. Once these ticks and fleas settle in together with the wildlife in your home, your home, your family, and your pets are going to be in danger.

Do Ticks Die during Winter?

One might say these pests will die out because it is winter. Nope! They do not! Some ticks are not just active during the fall and the winter months, such as the American dog tick. Other species, like the Blacklegged (deer) tick can also be active during the cold months, especially when they are well-sheltered away from the frost. And, if they have gained entry into your home, it is likely that these pests can survive and even multiply. And, even during the freezing months, these pests can still go out to look for their next host.

Lyme Disease and Winter

One of the biggest concerns for many homeowners when it comes to ticks is the possible transmission of Lyme disease. But, is it really possible for these ticks to transmit diseases during the frost?

Well, the feeding diapause of ticks may vary. Some may feed in the autumn while others, like the deer ticks may begin feeding during the first frost, which is during the early October and onwards. This parasite may even latch itself onto a larger host, such as a cat, dog, or even to a human once the temperature is near or above freezing.

Although the transmission of Lyme disease made by an infected adult female deer tick is 40 to 60 percent, these ticks will still need at least 48 hours to stay attached to its host before they can even transmit the disease to their host through their saliva. So, even if it is winter, it is still advisable to check yourself, your household, and your pets for possible ticks.

Wildlife and Pests

It is not just the ticks that you have to worry about entering your home with wildlife, but fleas and mites are likely to be with them too. When a wild animal comes into your home uninvited, it is important to remove that animal and put it back outdoors where it belongs. Once the animal is gone, make sure to check the vacated area for possible pests that they might have left. Carefully check your children and your pets since these pests can easily crawl up and attached themselves to their next living host. Even during winter, if you think there is a possibility that deer ticks, fleas, and/or mites have already infiltrated your home, because of the wildlife that trespassed it, be extra careful and use insect repellents on your clothing and skin whenever possible.

Attics and basements should also be checked and cleaned, if these were the areas that the wildlife entered. Once the wildlife is gone, make sure to repair and close the entry points where the animals came in. Also be sure to eliminate ways for these animals to gain entry into your home in the future to help eliminate the chances of having different pests getting inside the home.

Protect your home and your loved ones from wildlife, ticks and other pests. Call Horizon today for affordable and effective Residential Pest Control.

 

Help Pets Get Rid of Their Pests

Filed under: Pest Control,Tick Control — Megan Howard @ 10:09 am October 3, 2014

New Jersey Yard Pest Control

If you have pets at home, it is just natural that you will protect them against the threat of parasites as well as protect your home against them. When your pets suffer from them, they will suffer from the continued presence of these pests, which may affect their behavior and health.

To treat your pets from pests, make sure to consistently keep them treated. Pets naturally attract fleas and ticks, and if your pets become defenseless against them by not treating them, these pests will just eat your pets away until they cannot take it any longer.

Two of the most common parasites pets get are:

Fleas

Dogs and cats often get fleas through other animals and if they encounter areas where fleas are present. Although fleas cannot fly, they are great at travelling from one host to the next by jumping through their next potential host.

Some pets naturally itch when fleas attack. For sensitive pets, fleas can cause severe itching that may result in hair-loss, inflammation, and skin infection. Skin infection may result to having the inflammation and the irritation grow and swell.

Ticks

Ticks become more active during the spring and summer months, but this does not mean that they cannot thrive during the cold months. Ticks can be present all year round in some areas in the United States where there is no real winter, and they can also become active after the weather becomes warm even for a day or two during the winter.

These blood-suckers are difficult to get rid of once they find a proper host. However, it is necessary to have these pests removed in order for your pets to stay healthy. When ticks are not removed, ticks can cause serious diseases that will affect your pets and may even kill it.

Common treatment for pets include:

  • Proper grooming
  • Shampoo that can get rid of pests
  • Spot-on treatments
  • Vaccinations
  • Oral medications
  • Tick dips
  • Tick collars

Protect your pets and your family from ticks and fleas. Call us today or visit New Jersey Yard Pest Control for more information.

How to Avoid Deer Ticks

Filed under: Tick Control — Megan Howard @ 5:57 am August 5, 2014

Residential Pest Control

The offensive deer ticks are known by its so many different names, such as the blacklegged tick or the bear tick. But, it is not its name that made this tiny bloodsucker popular. They are made popular because they are the only known transmitters of the debilitating Lyme disease. Although Lyme disease is not considered deadly, but the infection, it can bring people and pets are severe. Tick bites will leave a bull’s-eye shaped rash that can grow bigger. If tick bites are untreated, the victim may suffer from facial paralysis, heart palpitations, headaches, and neurological disorders.

Deer ticks are commonly mistaken from the dog ticks, but they are different from the brown dog ticks. Here are some ways to know if it is a deer tick:

  • They do not have eyes or festoons
  • They do not have white markings on the dorsal area
  • They are dark brown to black
  • Females have a solid black dorsal shield and a reddish brown abdomen
  • They are 3 millimeters in length
  • They have long mouthparts

Deer ticks are not common in dogs, but they survive feeding on deers and other wild animals. These ticks do not have the Lyme disease at first, especially for nymphs who still have 6 legs, but once they become adults, and they have sprouted 8 legs, then they may be carrying the disease. They commonly get the disease from the white-footed mice, chipmunks or other small animals that live in brushy or wooded areas, but not on deers. After they feed on an infected animal, they will transfer on a deer, which will then transfer them to different locations.

A person who is bitten by a deer tick may not be able to recognize the infection at first since it is just similar to a flu. However, ticks commonly stick on their victim’s skin to get continuous blood from them. A person bitten by a tick may be able to see the bite right away or not. To be able to transfer Lyme disease, a tick must be attached to its host for 36 to 48 hours. After that, victims may unknowingly be carriers of Lyme disease.

The effect of Lyme disease is not fast since it may take a month before you see the signs. If you are bitten by a tick, make sure to place the tick in a jar or sealed bag so that you can bring this to the hospital for analysis. Also, when taking the tick out of your skin, do not touch it with your fingers. Use tweezers instead to remove the tick. Make sure to remove the tick by pulling it with tweezers. As you pull it away from you, its mouthpart should let go, and you will be free. However, do not twist the tick while you are still pulling it because the tick may break, and the head may be left behind.

Since tick bites may happen while you are in an outdoor environment, there are ways to stop them from making a meal out of you. Here are some ways:

  • Wear tick repellent clothes and tick repellents on exposed skin.
  • Educate your children to be cautious about ticks.
  • Treat your clothes with permethrin
  • Spray shoes, athletic gear, back packs, or any materials that will come in contact with the ground.
  • Before going home make sure to check clothing and your body for possible ticks

Deer ticks can be a real nuisance, especially for those who became their blood meal. Do not fall victim to these pests and protect your home against them. Horizon Pest Control offers Residential Pest Control that aims to help and protect you with possible tick infestation. To learn more about our programs and to make you feel safe again, schedule an appointment with us, and we will do the rest.

Ticks Infographic

Filed under: Infographic,Tick Control — admin @ 7:17 pm July 18, 2014

Ticks Infographic

How to Protect Against Ticks in Your Yard

Filed under: Tick Control — Megan Howard @ 9:39 am July 4, 2014

Tick Control

It is never a fun sight to see ticks around the home and in the garden. Most of us will feel unsafe to see their presence especially when we have kids and the elderly living with us. Ticks can carry numerous harmful blood-borne diseases, such as Lyme disease and other newly found viruses like Powasan Virus or Borrelia Myamotoi. To avoid such danger, it is necessary to protect your yard against ticks.

How to Keep Lyme Disease Out of Your Yard

Eliminate Ticks Favorite Hangout Spots

Ticks that are found outdoors are usually found in grassy, bushy areas that are often sheltered with trees and shade. They can also be found in the same place where they can find their favorite food, which is a deer. To eliminate ticks favorite hangout spots you should:

  • Maintain your lawn
  • Trim tall grasses and bushes
  • Remove leaf litter
  • Compost clippings and leaves

Create a Glass Zone

Place gravel or wood chips on your lawn to stop ticks from crossing. Ticks do not like to crawl on paths that are difficult to pass. It is like you are irritating them on how they should pass through.

Stack the Woodpiles Neatly

Ticks can be found in areas where they are likely to survive and in moist, wooded areas. They can be found crawling around  moist wood and in shaded areas. However, if you stack the wood in order and in an area where they can get some sun and it can always e dry, then ticks will not like to stay there. Dried woods are not inviting for this pest.

Place a Fence Around Your Yard

To avoid having large animals, such as deers, coyotes, raccoons, or stay dogs from entering your yard, create a fence. As most of us know, these ticks attach to mammals, and they commonly ride a deer to travel from one location to the next. Keeping the large animals ones out your yard will help in controlling tick population.

Don’t LetChildren Play in Areas where Tick Maybe Present

Make sure that the kids are safe by not allowing them to play in locations when ticks are known. Do not allow them to play in places where the grasses are high or on trees. If they want to play on swing, but the grass are a bit high, start trimming first and see if there are ticks first before you let them.

Regularly Check Your Body for Ticks

After going outdoors, make sure that you and your children are checked for ticks.  Look for ticks all over your body, including the hairline,  underarms, , and so on. If you find one, use a pair of tweezers to remove them. Do not just pull the tick with your fingers since you don’t want to squeeze their body since this could pass the disease to you.

Try to Keep Your Pests Out of Wooded Areas

Since your pets are vulnerable to ticks, always check them for ticks every day. You can try to keet them out of wooded areas if possible. You should also consider using a tick treatment, especially in spring and summer.

Use pesticide

Use a pesticide that is at least 20 percent DEET. DEET is a great tick repellent. If you are going to use DEET, make sure to follow instructions.

Successful control of a tick population depends on the effectiveness of the strategies that your pest management specialist will provide you. Horizon Pest Control offers Tick Control to our valued clients designing different tactics that will suit your pets, family and the environment you are in. Schedule an appointment to learn more about our services.

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New Ticks Found in New Jersey and New York

Filed under: Tick Control — Megan Howard @ 5:28 pm June 6, 2014

Residential Pest ControlIt is summer season once again and time for us to spend more time outdoors. However, this season also brings a particular risk, especially for children and even the elderly who love to stay outdoors. Risk such as tick bites and Lyme disease are common during summer. In fact, Lyme disease is particularly severe in the Northeast region with New York having the highest number of reported cases of Lyme disease.

Lyme disease is commonly transmitted by the bites of ticks, which are carried around by deer. A common victim may be a New Jersey resident who enjoy gardening or a child who likes to stay out in the yard to play. But, it is not only Lyme disease, residents should be worried about since New Jersey and New York residents are up to a new threat with new rare tick-borne disease and a new disease transmitted by the same deer tick that causes Lyme disease are now affecting these areas.

Powassan Virus

A couple of months after a woman from Warren County passed away, the Department of Health of the state has confirmed the cause of her death. According to them, they have confirmed that the woman passed away due to  a uncommon tick-borne disease that is the first New Jersey and in New York. The unnamed victim developed symptoms, which included high temperature, headache, rashes, and encephalitis. Her death last year of May was caused by the Powassan virus, a disease that is rare and only eight other people have been diagnosed in the U.S. this year.

This virus is transmitted by two different ticks – deer tick and woodchuck tick. Another dreaded tick-borne disease, Lyme disease, is spread by the deer tick. Death from Lyme disease is uncommon but the Powassan virus is deadly in 10% of cases.  Half of those who survived will have neurological complications like paralysis.

However, residents should not worry because not a lot of ticks in the area are infected. Only 1% of the adult stage ticks are  infected by the Powassan virus.

Borrelia Miyamotoi

Another type of disease was found with Anna Felix, an 81 year old, New Jersey resident. Although she also showed symptoms of Lyme disease, she tested negative. Lab technicians at Hunderdon Medical Center examined her spinal fluid and found an unusual strain of bacteria that they had never seen before. They confirmed that the strain they found was the bacteria Borrelia myamotoi, a new disease transmitted by the same deer tick that creates Lyme disease. Felix is the first American case of this new disease, and she was fortunate to have survived it.

Symptoms of the new disease are similar to Lyme disease, which include flu-like symptoms like fever, headache, nausea and muscle pain, although they do not include the rash that commonly develops with Lyme.

The good news with the virus Borrelia miyamotoi is that it responds to the same antibiotic treatment for Lyme. However, if this is left untreated, this can create recurring fever, and may also cause confusion and dementia-like symptoms in some patients with compromised immune systems.

Babesiosis

Also, federal health officials are also warning New Jersey and New York residents with another tick-borne infection, which is babesiosis. This can be fatal in the elderly, infants, children, and those with weak immune systems.

The risk of ticks is highest for people who like to spend time outdoors, commonly in wooded areas. To protect against ticks, make certain to wear skin-covering clothes, especially when hiking or camping. It is also advisable to use bug repellents that contain at least 20% DEET, and thoroughly check your body and clothing once you return home. Parents should always check their children for ticks. And, of course, it is essential for pet owners to regularly check their pets for ticks and make certain that their pets be freed of ticks once they find that they have them.

Preventing tick bites should be your first line of defense for keeping you and your pets safe. Horizon Pest Control offers effective tick control treatment for your home and pets. To learn more about our services and programs, and to know how to combat ticks, schedule an appointment with us, visit Residential Pest Control.

 

Source: NJ.com <link>

 

 

 

 

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