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The Growing Coyote Population May Be Causing An Increase In Lyme Infection Rates

Filed under: New Jersey Animal Control — Tags: , — New Jersey Pest Control @ 3:58 pm January 18, 2018

The Growing Coyote Population May Be Causing An Increase In Lyme Infection Rates

The increasing deer population has long been considered a factor in the growing lyme-infection rate. It made sense to assume that the growing deer population was to blame for growing lyme disease cases. For example, during the 1980s and the 1990s the deer population was growing significantly larger in regions of the mid-Atlantic and the northeast, and so were lyme infection rates. While growing deer populations may have contributed to growing lyme infection rates, the correlation may not be as strong as once thought. As it turns out, deer don’t carry most tick-borne diseases, but deer are tick hosts. Therefore, deer may spread ticks to new areas, but deer cannot infect ticks with lyme disease. Ticks acquire lyme after they feed on lyme-carrying animals. Lyme-infected ticks then infect humans by feeding on their blood. Now researchers believe another type of animal may be the culprit behind the increased spread of lyme among the human population. These animals are coyotes.

Two decades ago, when lyme infection rates began to significantly increase, coyotes were not considered to contribute to the disturbing trend. However, coyotes have been increasing their range drastically. During the eighties coyotes were rarely spotted east of the Mississippi, but now they can be found in nearly every state that lies east of the Mississippi. Deer and coyote are not lyme-carriers, but many small mammals are. For example, mice, voles and chipmunks all carry lyme. These lyme-carrying mammals are killed by foxes, which helps to prevent the further spread of lyme. However, coyotes have been killing-off large portions of the fox population east of the Mississippi. As a result, more lyme-carrying mammals are surviving. Foxes were helping to keep these populations of lyme-carrying mammals in check. The only solution to this problem is to reduce coyote populations in order for fox populations to become reestablished, but this is not a simple task to carry out.

Have you noticed an increase in coyotes in your area? Do you think that coyote populations are positively correlated with the frequency of lyme-infection rates?

Which Insect Pests Are Most Resilient To Harsh Climatic Conditions?

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Pest Control — New Jersey Pest Control @ 4:25 pm January 17, 2018

Which Insect Pests Are Most Resilient To Harsh Climatic Conditions?

Many of you are cursing the freezing cold weather that has gripped the United States for the past month. But luckily you can all rest assured that all of the insect pests are dying-off. While it is true that the recent cold weather is killing-off many insect pest populations, some insects are too well adapted to die so easily. It cannot be stressed enough that this year’s prolonged bouts of freezing cold weather have killed numerous populations of damaging insect pests. This means that next spring will not see the overabundance of insect pests that previous years have. This is good news. However, insects like bed bugs, ticks, and roaches possess advantages that allow them to remain alive despite the bitter cold.

It should be no surprise that cockroaches are able to survive extreme drops in temperature. After all, roaches survived an asteroid that wiped out much of Earth’s natural wildlife around three hundred million years ago. Roaches have also survived an ice age and an atomic blast. Not only that, but roaches can even survive for an entire month with their heads removed from their bodies. Roaches may eventually die from the cold, but they can always find warm places to hide.

Bed bugs are notoriously tough to kill. According to experts, keeping a bed bug in your freezer for at least two weeks will kill it, but bed bugs obviously dwell mostly indoors, not outdoors. Experts generally consider the cold to be an ineffective way to kill bed bugs. According to one victim of a bed bug infestation, a bed bug infested sofa that was kept on a snowbank for three months in a super-cold city in Canada remained infested the entire time.

Ticks can be killed within the cold of a freezer environment, but not a freezing cold outdoor environment. Ticks can produce antifreeze proteins, and they can drain their bodies of fluid in order to prevent freezing. Ticks usually seek shelter underneath leaf litter, which keeps them alive all winter, even if the litter is located beneath the snow. In fact, snow itself is an ideal insulator for ticks during the winter. Luckily, this winter is a difficult one for most insect pests. It is great that many pesky insect populations are dying this winter, but we cannot have everything our way.

Have you ever attempted to kill bed bugs by placing your infested items into freezing cold conditions?

These Bugs Are Real Book-Lovers

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Pest Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 9:32 am January 16, 2018

These Bugs Are Real Book-Lovers

It is not everyday that you hear about a group of arachnids that love books. Then again, more than seventy thousand arachnid species have been described in scientific literature, and there are many more arachnids on earth still waiting to be discovered. That is a lot of arachnids. So maybe a book-loving arachnid species is not so out of the question given the massive amount of arachnids that exist. The species of arachnid that can be found gravitating toward books is fittingly named the “book scorpion”. Of course the idea of an arachnid reading a book is absurd. Book scorpions (Chelifer cancroides) are not the intellectuals of the arachnid world; instead book scorpions prefer to inhabit bookshelves because old books normally contain tasty booklice. Book scorpions feed on booklice, which is why they are commonly found near bookshelves and in libraries.

Book scorpions belong to a group of arachnids that are known as pseudoscorpions. These arachnids are relatively small, as they average at .8 to .12 of an inch in length. Not surprisingly, booklice are even smaller, measuring in at less than .7 of an inch in length on average. Unlike book scorpions, booklice are insects. So we know why book scorpions are inclined to dwell around books, but why do booklice inhabit books? Well, booklice gravitate toward books due to their love of starch, and shakespeare (joke). Most books contain starch within the sticky binding that glues a book’s pages together.

Book scorpions used to be commonly spotted in areas containing stacks of books. For example, during the seventeenth century a renowned natural philosopher named Robert Hooke described tiny bugs that he commonly found near his books. These bugs were the book scorpions that are being spotted less frequently today. The decrease in book scorpion sightings is due to the absence of booklice. These days, booklice are not interested in new books. Today most binders are made of synthetic materials that do not contain the starch that booklice need to get their fix. This new processing method is a good thing, as booklice eat away at a book’s binding in order to access starch. This is why so many old books eventually came apart at the binding. Book scorpions were likely appreciated in previous decades, and even centuries, as they consumed as many booklice as possible. Book scorpions have saved many books from ruin.

Have you ever spotted a book scorpion/s in an area that contained numerous books?





A Termite Nest Trapped An Endangered Baby Elephant

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Termite Control — Tags: , — New Jersey Pest Control @ 3:47 pm January 12, 2018

A Termite Nest Trapped An Endangered Baby Elephant

Different types of termites build different types of nests. Many termites build nests that protrude from the surface of the ground. Of course these types of nests are known as “mounds”. A mound is probably the most well known of all types of termite nests. Termite mounds have been discussed numerous times in these blogs. But this article is not specifically about termite mounds; instead this article is about a baby elephant that became stuck in a termite mound. The young elephant was unable to escape. Sadly, by the time the elephant was found, it had died.

The elephant was found trapped and motionless in the Keo Seima Wildlife Sanctuary in Cambodia. According to Keo Sopheak, the Local environment boss, the elephant had fallen into a termite nest that was located deep within the Cambodian jungle. Unfortunately, by the time conservation workers located the trapped elephant it was too late to save the endangered species.

Wildlife personnel initially assumed that the hole was set by animal trappers. However, after a closer inspection, it became clear that the elephant had stepped onto a termite nest that collapsed under its weight. The young elephant’s hind legs had fallen into a half meter deep nesting hole. The endangered elephant species was then packed in ice and transported to Cambodia’s Environment Ministry.

The trapped baby elephant was initially found dead by people living in a nearby village. This baby elephant was one of only one hundred Asian elephants dwelling within the sanctuary. It is estimated that only five hundred Asian elephants inhabit the country of Cambodia, while fifty thousand Asian elephants are currently living in other regions of Asia. Asian elephants are listed as endangered on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s Red List.

The hard outer layer of the shallow termite mound may have been obscured by soil that some termite species termite use to cover their mounds. Although termite mounds protrude from the ground, vast networks of tunnels are located beneath most mounds. Also, some termites build ground level sheathings above their subterranean nests. These types of termite nests are often difficult to locate.

Have you ever heard of any human or animal that had inadvertently stepped onto a termite mound?



Trust A Pest Control Pro!

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Pest Control — Tags: , — New Jersey Pest Control @ 4:01 pm January 11, 2018

Bug-Killing Backfires When Torching a Spider Ended Up Torching The Home

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Pest Control — Tags: , — New Jersey Pest Control @ 4:37 pm January 10, 2018

Bug-Killing Backfires When Torching a Spider Ended Up Torching The Home

Usually when confronted with an unwanted spider guest people will whip out a can of Raid or some other insect killing spray. However, one couple decided that the only way to rid themselves of the foul pest was to set it on fire with a torch lighter. Unfortunately this proved to be a very unwise move, as it wasn’t just the spider that ended up getting burned. Their plan backfired when the burning the spider resulted in a house fire that forced them to move out in the end.

The residents went a little overboard when they discovered a big wolf spider in their upstairs bedroom. They decided to bring in the torch lighter, similar to a cigarette lighter but much longer and able to shoot out a long flame that looks similar to a blowtorch, and light the little sucker on fire. This plan was initially successful, as the offending spider did catch on fire and was slowly burning to a crisp. The only problem was that the residents didn’t consider the possibility of a burning spider also lighting other things in their home on fire.

After being torched, the spider crawled onto a nearby mattress, which then set that same mattress on fire as well. While at first they were able to initially contain the fire using a fire hose, their efforts were in vain, as the fire then jumped to the drapes on the windows as well as a flag collection hanging nearby. Once the fire was able to spread this far, containing it with the fire hose was no longer possible. In the end, the blaze caused around $11,000 in damage.

Thankfully no one but the spider was harmed, and the firefighters were able to contain the fire to the bedroom, leaving the rest of the rooms and apartment units undamaged. In a stroke of good luck, the couple had been planning to move out for some time, and this turned into the perfect opportunity to do just that. Of course, if you’re not planning on moving any time soon, you might want to stick to the traditional methods of getting rid of spiders, and stay far away from the use of fire to kill them.

Have you ever tried to kill a bug with fire? How did it work out for you?

The European Union Has Finally Lifted The Ban On Edible Insects

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Pest Control — Tags: , — New Jersey Pest Control @ 4:28 pm January 9, 2018

The European Union Has Finally Lifted The Ban On Edible Insects

For a few years now everyone in the western world has been hearing about how they may be eating insects in the future. The internet is rich with articles about the western world’s relationship with edible insects. Most westerners probably believed that such a strange, and seemingly gross eating habit would never become acceptable in western culture. Now, due to recent news from Europe, many of those pessimists will have to eat their words. Although many Europeans may not yet be comfortable with consuming edible insects, politicians representing the European Union have long been pressured to grant food producers the right to use insects as ingredients. The EU had already allowed for the use of “novel foods”, but unfortunately for European edible insect fans, insects were not legally considered to be novel foods. That has all changed as the EU recently accepted insects as a novel type of food. This change in EU law allows for the production and consumption of edible insects.

For those people out their who find the idea of westerners embracing edible insects as dubious, the existence of The International Platform of Insects for Food & Feed (IPIFF) should prove you wrong. The IPIFF is an organization that represents European supporters of edible insects. The IPIFF consists of many industry leaders who wish to produce food using insects as ingredients.

Before this decision becomes binding EU law, it is technically illegal to consume or sell edible insects in many European countries. Now business leaders from all over Europe are submitting applications to the EU that will allow food producers to have their insect-based foods recognized as legal. In America, the Food and Drug Administration already allows for the production of edible insects. However, no American legislation has been passed that explicitly outlines rules and regulations concerning the production of edible insects. All the millennials of today can expect to see their kids eating cricket cereal for breakfast every morning in the future.

Do you believe that using insects as ingredients will become controversial among the public due to the widespread western belief that eating insects is unsanitary?

The Termites That Live High Above The Ground’s Surface

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Pest Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 4:39 pm January 8, 2018

The Termites That Live High Above The Ground’s Surface

Termites are one of the most abundant insect species in the world today. Some termites build their nesting areas below the ground. For example, subterranean termites require the moisture found deep within soil in order to survive. There are other types of termites that build their nests above ground. These above-ground nests are referred to as “mounds”, and they are made of soil, feces and many other available materials. Many people assume that these are the only two locations that termites inhabit. However, a much rarer type of termite builds nests that are high up in the air. Of course these nests are located within trees. Tree-dwelling termites are often simply referred to as “arboreal termites”. Arboreal animals are any animals that inhabit trees. Most arboreal termites belong to the Nasutitermes walkeri species, while a smaller amount belong to the Macrotermes species.

Most arboreal termites locate their food on the forest floor. When arboreal termites travel long distances down a tree they become vulnerable to predators. In order for arboreal termites to avoid predator-encounters, they will build covered pathways in order to travel unnoticed. When arboreal termites travel to the ground for food they carve a path that other termites can later locate and follow. While the first foraging termites travel down a tree, they will build a roof over their path. Arboreal termites will construct these roofs by gluing together several particles of dead plant matter. In South America, it is not uncommon for people to find trees that feature long and narrow lines that resemble plywood, or sawdust that is glued together. These formations were made by arboreal termites that were traveling to the ground in order to gather food for their colonies.

Arboreal termites can be found infesting trees that are located in areas all over the world. These regions include Europe, South America, Australia and the United States. In New Guinea arboreal termites infest coconut trees. In the US arboreal termites are not native, but several non-native species have been discovered in Florida. Although arboreal termites do not generally infest man-made structures, the particular species found in Florida has been targeted for eradication due to the risk they pose to nearby homes. These non-native arboreal termites were first discovered in Florida in the early 2000s. Since 2003 experts have been working successfully to locate and destroy arboreal termite nests in the state.

Do you think that arboreal termites will spread to new areas in Florida despite eradication efforts?


Scientists Deduce The Incredible Engineering Marvel That Creates the Bright Rainbows on Peacock Spiders

Filed under: Pest Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 3:19 pm January 5, 2018

Scientists Deduce The Incredible Engineering Marvel That Creates the Bright Rainbows on Peacock Spiders

If you’ve ever seen a peacock spider, it’s not a sight you could possibly forget anytime soon. Scientists have been fascinated with discovering how a spider as small as the peacock spider can create such bright and intricate designs on its back. The design is similar to the tail of a peacock bird, with brightly colored scales creating the fanned out, bright, rainbow-ish design. It’s really the size that has baffled scientists, and a peacock spider’s back growing no larger than the head of pencil eraser. They are curious as to the structure of the scales play a part in making them so eye-catching.

In order to achieve this, the researchers had to use electron microscopy, optical modeling, and an advanced nano 3D printer. They used the printer to print highly-detailed scales that possessed different properties than the other, non-colored regular scales. With these images the researchers were able to differentiate between the two and find the ones that specifically helped to create the iridescent glimmer on their backsides. So, what were their findings?

It was discovered that what made these scales so special and able to create the incredible design on the spider’s back was the curved shape of these peacock spider scales. They interact with tiny grating surfaces on these scales, and are together able to produce those bright rainbows by separating and isolating light, which they can then reflect those many different lights on many different and specific wavelengths. According to our sight, they end up creating a beautiful design colored and often shaped like a rainbow.

Despite their best efforts, however, the scientists were never able to recreate exactly the same dazzling shape when they tried to copy the incredible structure themselves. Spiders have officially technologized and shown up the victor even these genius scientists. Scientists believe this information could help in the creation of useful and intricate structures, particularly in the area of material technology and optics.

What amazing inventions could this knowledge help us create in the future?

Rodent Control

Filed under: New Jersey Rodent Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 5:53 am January 4, 2018


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