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The Cicadas Are Singing Again

Filed under: Pest Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 6:41 pm June 30, 2017

The Cicadas Are Singing AgainCicadas

Summer is here, and that means cicadas are singing their songs. The sounds cicadas make during the summer months are the loudest sounds made by insects. Despite their collectively loud hum, many people find the hum of cicadas to be calming. Many people are curious as to why cicadas sing, and sing so loudly. Perhaps these insects are singing out of pure happiness for having been released from a seventeen yearlong stint underground, which is necessary for their proper development. Actually, there is a reasonable explanation for the loud cicada humming we all hear during the summer months. Male cicadas sing their songs in order to woe female cicadas.

All of the chirping and humming made my male cicadas can be heard by female cicadas located within a one mile radius of the singing males. There must be much competition among the male cicadas because there can exist up to one billion cicadas dwelling within a one square mile area. Those that do not mind the sound of many singing cicadas likely don’t live in an area where there are one billion cicadas singing in one small area. It is no wonder why so many people find their mating calls annoying while others find their calls soothing.

Cicadas create their sounds by rapidly vibrating a drum-like object that is located near their abdomens. Sometimes the sounds of cicadas can become loud enough to reach one hundred decibels, which is louder than a particularly loud lawnmower. However, cicadas will stop with their singing around sunset, allowing nearby people to sleep through the night. The song of the cicadas also repels bird predators, so when cicadas stop singing it is usually an indication that birds have turned in for the night. The loudest cicadas sounds have been recorded on the east coast, so if you live in this area, expect the humming of cicadas to last a few more weeks.

Have you ever found yourself annoyed by singing cicadas?

Spiders in Myths and Folklore

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Pest Control — New Jersey Pest Control @ 5:28 pm June 29, 2017

We’ve been trying to figure out why those creepy, long-legged spiders since the day humans first walked this Earth. If you’ve studied any mythology or folklore, you have probably come across numerous stories featuring the creepy crawlers. Myths help us look at these often frightening creatures and think about them in a way that makes them less frightening, taking the creatures we fear and making them more familiar, like taking hold of the boogie man inside your closet and bringing him out into the light of day. These stories help us humans deal with our fear of the unfamiliar and strange and try to understand them better by talking about them as if they are also humans, and not quite so different from us as we think. Here are some myths and folklore featuring spiders from around the world.

There is a Greek legend about a woman named Arachne, who boasted that she was the best weaver in the world.  This doesn’t sit to well with on of the goddesses that monitor these people, as Athena thought her own weaver was superior to Arachne’s. She decides to go head to head against the skilled Arachne to settle the score, but Arachne ends up winning. Seeing that her weaving was indeed better than hers, Athena angrily destroyed the piece. Arachne hangs herself out of despair, but Athena ends up saving her by turning her into a spider and the rope she was hanging from into a spider web. This way Arachne could weave her beautiful tapestries forever.

Another well-known tale about spiders comes from West Africa. The spider, called Anansi, is portrayed as a trickster god, always causing trouble in order to fool other animals. Many stories of Anansi connect him to creation, usually of storytelling and wisdom. Tales of Anansi are still told in Africa today, and ended up spreading to Jamaica and the Caribbean by way of the slave trade. He is portrayed as a somewhat untrustworthy god, but one that is still well respected and revered by people.

Do you know any other myths or folktales featuring spiders? Where does your story originate from?

Doctors Failed To Notify A Pregnant Women About Zika

Filed under: Horizon Pest Control,Pest Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 2:43 am June 28, 2017

Doctors Failed To Notify A Pregnant Women About Zika

Being diagnosed with the Zika virus while pregnant would be terrible. But at least a diagnosis of Zika could lead to successful treatments, in which case an infected mother’s fetus could be spared the worst effects of the virus, such as cranial malformation. Thank goodness we are living in an era when medical professionals are anything but irresponsible, and a scenario like the one mentioned above could never happen, right? Sadly this is not the case as medical professionals in Washington failed to notify a pregnant mother that she had tested positive for the Zika virus.

Andrea Pardo, 33, of Issaquah, Washington was tested for the Zika virus last October, and the results of her test came back as positive the following December. However, Andrea was notified about her positive Zika test until April of 2017. At this point Andrea was thirty seven weeks pregnant. Andrea contracted the disease while she was staying in Mexico.

Andrea eventually gave birth to a daughter whom she named Noemi. So far the baby seems to be free of the symptoms associated with the Zika virus. However, there is no way to determine the effect that Zika has had on the infant until the infant matures. Many members of the public are appalled that the mother was not informed of her diagnoses, and some are arguing that the mother’s right to choose was violated by the doctors failure to notify Andrea of her Zika diagnoses. Andrea claims that she still would have given birth to her daughter, but she is still upset that she did not find out.

According to Dr. Timothy Dellit, from the University of Washington’s School of Medicine has expressed his apologies over the matter. The doctor has gone on record stating that the blood tests administered to Andrea were “not handled properly”. As a result of this incident, many experts are claiming that strict surveillance is needed in medical setting in order to prevent situations like the one involving Andrea and her baby.

Do you believe that criminal charges should be filed against the doctor for his failure to notify the patient of her disease?

 

What Is The Deal With A Honeybee’s Eyes

Filed under: Bee Removal — Tags: , — New Jersey Pest Control @ 9:01 am June 27, 2017

We all have seen close up pictures of many different insects, and all these close-ups show us many different insect eyes. Some insects have stranger looking eyes than other insects, but they are all bizarre looking, and all seem to have more than just two eyes. Although you may have never seen a honey bee’s eyes close up, these pollinating insects have some of the strangest looking eyes in the animal kingdom. For example, honeybee eyes have hairs growing on them.Bees

Honeybees have five eyes in total. A honeybee has two compound eyes on each side of its head, and three extra eyes on the top of its head. The two eyes located on each side of a honeybee’s head are rather easy to locate, but the three eyes on top, the ocelli, are difficult to see with the naked eye because they are located in between the bee’s antennae.

A honeybee’s two compound eyes are especially easy to notice on drones. Each of the compound eyes contains almost seventy thousand tiny lenses called “facets”. Amazingly, each of these nearly seventy thousand lenses possesses its own set of photosensitive cells. These facets are all grouped together and each has a purpose such as perceiving light, movement, colors and patterns. There are one hundred and fifty groups of facets in each compound eye, and they are called “ommatidia”. Each ommatidia is connected to the optic nerve. The images gathered from these lenses form images in a honeybee’s brain. Bees are great at perceiving color, polarized light and motion, but bees cannot make out the lines that separate objects too well.

Bees can perceive more colors than humans can perceive. For example, bee’s can perceive ultraviolet light, but what humans see as red bee see as black. Bees can also sense a single motion lasting for 1/300th of a second. Bees can see the beginning and end of this super-quick movement. A human would not be able to perceive anything that happened within such a short amount of time. This is probably why a bee cannot be caught even after one stings you.

Do you think that all flying insects possess comparable visual anatomies and/or abilities?

 

 

Cicadas Are Back After Seventeen Years Underground

Filed under: Pest Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 9:03 am June 26, 2017

The sound of cicadas can be heard during the hottest days of the year, in many places around the world. Some types of cicadas return every years, and many mistake their familiar humming sound with the sound made by locusts. However, these more common cicadas have darker cousins with red eyes that live beneath the ground for nearly two decades. These rarely seen cicadas are known as periodical cicadas.Cicadas

Periodical cicadas live the longest lives of all insects on the planet, it just too bad that most of that time is spent underground. These long absent cicadas are found exclusively within the eastern half the of the United States, and they make visits to the earth’s surface once every thirteen to seventeen years. There are many different species of Cicada. For example, most cicadas live near trees. The cicadas then hatch and fall to the ground. After this the cicadas eventually find their way underground as nymphs in order to properly develop. The nymphs feed on sap that they siphon from trees. During the cicada’s time underground it will molt through five different stages of growth, the stages of growth are also known as instars. Once temperatures hit sixty four degrees Fahrenheit, they emerge from their eight inch deep underground living area in order to metamorphose as winged adults.

Amazingly, this cicada emergence is synchronized with other cicadas dwelling in different regions. Nobody is sure about how many cicadas inhabit this earth every summer, but some experts put that figure into the billions. Last year, during the summer of 2016, around one and a half million cicadas were found to be concentrated in one particular field. Periodical cicadas have black bodies, red legs, bright red eyes, and red veins running through their large translucent wings. Judging by where they dwell for seventeen years, and the color of their eyes, you would think that these insects were spawned by the devil.

Hearing the sound made by cicadas is not hard during the summer, they sound like they are everywhere, but have you ever seen a cicada in the wild?

 

 

What Type Of Insect-Pests Threaten Soybean Crops?

Filed under: Pest Control — Tags: — New Jersey Pest Control @ 4:09 am June 23, 2017

What Type Of Insect-Pests Threaten Soybean Crops?

Soybean crops are a staple of America. The United States grows more soybean crops than any other country in the world. However, just like many other crops, big and small, soybeans are threatened by various insect-pests. According to agronomist, Brett Craigmyle, there are three different types of insects that enjoy feasting on soybean crops, foliage feeders, pod feeders and stem feeders. Craigmyle claims that the two types of insects that you have to worry about are the foliage-feeding and pod-feeding insects. These two insect-types are often damaging to soybean crops.

Foliage-feeding insects are common, and they can be found in every soybean crop in America. These types of insects don’t typically reduce crop yields, but these insect-pests can transmit viruses to soybean plants. Green stem syndrome is the most common virus transmitted by foliage-feeding insects. Pod-feeders, on the other hand, do reduce crop yields. These insects penetrate the soybean pods, which damages the soybeans contained within the pods. After pod-feeders sink their mouthparts into soybean pods, the soybeans become inedible.

Although rare, there are some insects that feed on both foliage and pods. For example, the corn earworm enjoys feeding on soybean plants in just about every way possible. These insects are brown with black spots. These insects have a pale brown, or an orange colored head, and stripes travelling down the length of its body. If left untreated, corn earworms can cause severe pod damage and defoliation.

Grasshoppers are also detrimental to the health of soybean crops. Grasshoppers vary in size and appearance with some grasshoppers sporting unique looking red legs. Grasshoppers are foliage-feeders, and if left to their own devices, they will most likely destroy as many soybean plants as they possibly can. Younger grasshoppers are particularly damaging since they can easily obscure themselves within soybean crops.

Which type of insect-pest do you think is most damaging to the environment?

 

 

Jumping Spiders Have Ability to Think Ahead and Plan Detours to Catch Prey

Filed under: Pest Control — Tags: , — New Jersey Pest Control @ 2:29 am June 22, 2017

Jumping Spiders Have Ability to Think Ahead and Plan Detours to Catch Prey

24183849 - zebra jumping spider - salticus scenicus

Spiders are pretty small, which means their brains are also pretty small. The brain of the jumping spider is about the size of a sesame seed. This makes me think they can’t have too much brainpower at their disposal. However, when it comes to the jumping spider size apparently doesn’t matter, because they are capable of thinking in ways we associate with much larger and more intelligent animals. A recent study found that jumping spiders can actually plan ahead and even plan out intricate detours to help them catch their prey. They also have sharp vision and a remarkable awareness of three-dimensional space.

The vision of the jumping spider is actually more comparable to the vision of vertebrate animals. This enhanced vision helps them do things other animals their size would find physically impossible. In the recent study researchers set up elaborate obstacle courses for the jumping spider to navigate in order to get to their food. One such obstacle course consisted of a tower set on a platform that is surrounded by moats. The spider is placed on the top of the tower where it can see two distant boxes, one of them containing a yummy meal and the other filled with only dead leaves. Once the spider began the course, however, and slowly climbed down the tower, the researchers emptied the boxes so the spider couldn’t continue to get visual cues as to where the meal is located.

The researchers found that the jumping spiders had no difficulty finding their way through the obstacle course to the meal, despite having no way to see the location of the meal after starting the course. This demonstrates that the jumping spiders must have an abstract sense of where the food is, as well as a plan to help them navigate the walkways and paths of the course. That’s quite an astounding mind for such a tiny animal.

Have you ever seen a spider walk or move around in a way that you didn’t think they could with their brain size? What amazing feat did they accomplish to make you curious about them?

Where Did Termites Come From?

Filed under: Uncategorized — New Jersey Pest Control @ 3:03 am June 21, 2017

Where Did Termites Come From?Termite

Termites have caused a lot of misery to a lot of people, and it is fair to say that termites are among the most hated of all insects. It is not surprising then that termites are related to another insect that is universally despised–the cockroach. Termites evolved from cockroaches one hundred and forty million years ago. Termites evolved from a particular type of cockroach that burrowed deep into wood. Today, there is no living cockroach that is directly related to modern termites. The cockroach genus known as Cryptocercus is the oldest living relative to modern termites. The Cryptocercus can be found China, Korea and North America.

The Cryptocercus behaves in a manner that is quite similar to termites. Male and female roaches of this genus will pair up before finding a home in a large piece of wood. One single piece of wood serves as the Cryptocercus’s home, and source of food, for the duration of their life spans. After the Cryptocercus female lays around ten eggs, the male and female spend the next three years raising their offspring, which is about half of a Cryptocercus’s life span. It turns out that early termites behaved in a manner similar to that of the Cryptocercus.

Early termite parents did not bear many offspring, but as generations progressed, termite offspring began to care for other younger members of the termite colony. This relieved early termite parents from the time consuming burden of raising offspring, and therefore, termite mothers could start producing more offspring. This is how termites became capable of creating colonies with millions of members. Eventually, the younger termites began to divide labor among other termite members of a colony. Today, each termite in a termite colony has a precise duty and title. As damaging as many types of termites can be, there is no doubt that termites demonstrate a tremendous degree of evolutionary success.

Have you ever realized that you had brought termites into your home by accident? If so, was their devastating consequences?

 

 

 

 

Researchers Discover A New Disease Carrying Tick

Filed under: Exterminator Nj,New Jersey Exterminator — New Jersey Pest Control @ 3:06 am June 20, 2017

Researchers Discover A New Disease Carrying TickTick Control

Deer ticks are well known for spreading Lyme disease to humans and animals. When you hear about ticks spreading Lyme disease, then you are most likely hearing about deer ticks. Anybody who lives in a region where deer ticks are common knows how difficult they can be to spot. Now, to make preventing Lyme disease even more difficult, researchers have discovered a new type of deer tick that is even smaller than the ones we already know about. Researchers are calling this new disease carrying deer tick the “dwarf deer tick”.

Scientists from the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station (CAES) were the first to discover this new miniature deer tick. Normal female adult deer ticks are around three millimeters in length. This is about the same size as a freckle, so these deer ticks are already hard to spot. However, the dwarf deer tick is half the normal size, with a body length of only one and a half millimeters. This tiny size makes these dwarf deer ticks barely visible to the naked eye, and the dwarf deer ticks nymphs are, of course, even smaller. The discovery of the dwarf deer tick happened to occur at the same time when researchers learned that the amount of infected deer ticks in the wild had reached sky-high levels.

In an effort to learn more about this newly discovered deer tick, scientists are asking the public to capture and submit any deer ticks they find to entomology labs.

Typically, around twenty seven percent of deer ticks carry the Lyme disease pathogen. However, after analyzing the ticks that had been sent to entomology labs, researchers now believe that thirty eight percent of deer ticks carry the pathogen. In fact, some regions of the United States may see up to fifty percent of the deer tick population infected with Lyme pathogens. Researchers are still in the process of determining how these dwarf deer ticks will affect the rates of Lyme disease in the human population.

Have you ever found a deer tick that had been burrowing in your skin for a while? If you have, did you fall ill?

Termites Release A Startling Amount Of Greenhouse Gases

Filed under: Uncategorized — New Jersey Pest Control @ 5:52 am June 19, 2017

Termites Release A Startling Amount Of Greenhouse GasesTermite Control

As time goes on, more and more people are becoming concerned about the health of our natural environment. Environmentalists often point to gas emissions from the vehicles that we drive as being one of the main culprits behind the ever-increasing amount of greenhouse gases polluting the air. Even some animals are not immune to the blame, as cattle can significantly increase greenhouse gas emissions in the air. However, many people are not aware that termites also contribute to high levels of greenhouse gas emissions; not that you needed another reason to hate termites.

One individual termite can produce a half of a microgram of methane per day. This may not seem like a large amount, but when you multiply that number by the amount of termites in the world, you get a whole lot of methane. To be precise, termites produce twenty million tons of methane per year. Then again, there are two thousand different termite species in the world today, and each species produces differing amounts of methane. In fact, some termites don’t produce any methane at all. This makes it hard to estimate how much termite-methane is emitted into the air each year.

Sometimes the methane that termites emit does not always make it up into the atmosphere right away. Since subterranean termites live within soil, the methane that they produce is often used by methanotrophs, before eventually being released into the atmosphere.

Some researchers believe that termites pose a serious problem for the state of the air that we breathe. At the moment, researchers are using methane inhibitors on cattle. These methane inhibitors could also be used for termites, but there are a few logistical problems. The biggest problem is figuring out how to get enough termites to consume the methane-inhibitor. Scientists are considering dropping these inhibitors into termite colonies so that termites can spread the methane-inhibitors to other termites located in different colonies.

Do you believe that termites cause a significant amount of air pollution? Should we cut down on oil use, or termites, or both?

 

 

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