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What Do Cockroaches Look Like?

Filed under: Cockroach Control — admin @ 3:00 pm July 26, 2016

It is important to know what cockroaches look like because they are a nuisance and can infest homes and businesses.  Cockroaches are insects that can spread diseases.  Thought of as dirty insects, and you want to be able to identify them for proper elimination.  There are about 4,600 different species, but luckily in the US there are only five major species.  Cockroaches can inhabit a variety of environmental temperatures, from cold to tropical heat.  Here are some tips to identify roaches.

cockroach controlGeneral Appearance

Cockroaches come in different sizes; from the size of a thumbnail up to about 40 mm long.  They have a small head and a broad flat body that is an oval shape.  The body is divided into three segments with the outer shell being tough to protect their organs.  The body is coated with wax to repel water and will feel oily.  Most roaches have a reddish-brown to dark brown color and the young roach is much lighter color and does not have wings.

Cockroaches may or may not have wings and not all that have wings use them to fly.  They can have two sets of wings; one set is bigger and tougher that flatten against their body for protection and a smaller set that is more delicate for flying.  Roaches have six legs, two attached to each segment of their body and the front legs shorter than the back legs.  Each leg has tiny spines they use for climbing most any surface and each foot has little claws to help them climb walls and ceilings.  The female cockroach tends to be larger than the male species and their young are similar in appearance with their lighter color.

Different Species

The five most seen species are each a little different in size and color but have the same basic features.  German roaches are tan and 13 to 16 mm long.  Brown Branded roaches are a dark-reddish brown and 10 to 13 mm long.  The American roach is reddish brown and at 40 mm is one of the longest species.  The Pennsylvania wood roach is about 20 mm and the males are tan.  Oriental roaches are dark brown to black in appearance, have a thinner body, are 30 to 40 mm long, and can grow much longer.

Roaches versus Beetles

Cockroaches vary in size and shape to a degree, and some may have an appearance close to the beetle. Beetles have smaller bodies than roaches, and their body is not flattened and much tougher than a cockroach’s.  Beetles are pests that, unlike the cockroach, eat other insects and considered human-friendly.

If you need professional NJ cockroach control, let us know and we’ll let you know your best course of action.

How to Prevent Fruit Flies in Your Kitchen

Filed under: Pest Control — admin @ 3:00 pm July 19, 2016

fruit flies

Summertime is a great time to know how to prevent fruit flies in your kitchen. A beautiful bowl of fresh fruit or vegetables on the kitchen counter looks amazing to people and fruit flies alike.  You want to enjoy the fresh seasonal fruits and veggies without pesky fruit flies. Here are some tips to help prevent and eliminate fruit flies.

Prevention

You can prevent fruit flies with these simple steps.  Do not keep fresh fruit or vegetables sitting out for extended periods of time.  It’s best to keep them covered and refrigerated.  Keep counters, sinks, and table tops clear of food, spilled sweet juices, and drinks. Rinse out glasses and pitchers when finished.  When cleaning up, remember to wash counter crevices and faces for possible splashes and cracks in flooring where decomposing food material may become trapped.

Use an all-purpose cleaner and paper towels or washable rags because sponges are another breeding ground for fruit flies. Take out the trash frequently and be sure to wash the sides and bottom where juice and drinks might spill.  Discarded food wrappers after eating and use a garbage can with a sealed lid.  Tightly seal compost containers in the home and locate the outdoor bin away from the home.  Keep kitchen areas dry and free of standing water by wiping out the sink after each use, turning over rinsed dishes, and watch for leaky faucets.

Elimination

fruit fliesA fruit fly problem can develop in your home even if you follow the prevention steps.  Fruit flies lay approximately 500 eggs at once and generally near the surface of ripening foods (including liquids), such as sink drains, empty bottles and cans, open garbage sites, and damp mops.  A fruit fly’s lifespan is about eight days, so you will want to act quickly if you notice them.

Leaving a saucer or bowl of cider vinegar with fresh basil leaves on the table or counter overnight will attract fruit flies.  The flies will fall into the liquid and drown, and you discard the contents in the morning.  Another option is to put some wine into a bowl, cover with plastic wrap, and poke a few holes in the top.  They will be attracted to the wine, climb in the holes, and become trapped for disposal.  You can repeat either option until the flies are gone.

Summary

Fruit flies are pesky and often come with the seasonal fruits and vegetables from the local farmers market.  You can use these simple tips to prevent them from infesting your home and use the easy elimination steps at the first sign of fruit flies.

If you find pest control issues in your home, let us know and we’ll let you know your best course of action.

The Top 7 Dangers of Mosquitoes

Filed under: Mosquito Control — admin @ 3:00 pm July 12, 2016

exterminator nj

Mosquitoes aren’t just an annoying pest, they spread many deadly and dreaded diseases as well. For that reason alone they are frequently listed as one of, if not the single most dangerous animal on Earth. People are often surprised to learn this but despite the fact that mosquitoes are not large intimidating predators, they remain among the world’s deadliest creatures for their unequaled ability to spread disease and their resistance to extremes in temperature. Here are 7 scientifically proven reasons why mosquitoes are a very serious problem.

Mosquitoes spread many deadly and dangerous diseases

Mosquitoes carry a host of communicable illnesses caused by viruses, bacteria, fungus, and parasites. Mosquito-borne illnesses include malaria, West Nile virus, elephantiasis, yellow fever, and dengue fever- but they can carry practically any communicable disease small enough to be passed through their needle-like proboscis.

Mosquitoes are very mobile

These tiny pests can travel without regard for national borders, barriers, and geographic locations. They have some ability to migrate if they find too few food sources, and they have the ability to breed almost as rapidly as they can move.

Mosquitoes broaden the range of a virus or parasite

Many parasites and infectious viruses use their host as a vehicle to find their next victims, but no animal offers better transportation to diseases than the mosquito. With their combined abilities of flight, durability, and low visibility- mosquitoes are like a high-speed railway transit system for disease.

Mosquito Bites

Mosquitoes play favorites

Selecting their prey mostly by scent, some people are more attractive targets to mosquitoes than others. This may be good news for those whom mosquitoes like less- but for those who live in areas where infectious disease are rampant- being favored by mosquitoes puts a person at an extreme lifetime risk of contracting all the diseases mosquitoes can carry.

Mosquitoes cause permanent disability globally

Many of the diseases mosquitoes carry have long lasting or permanently debilitating effects if not properly treated. Some of the debilitating illnesses they can carry include:

  • Malaria
  • Chikungunya
  • Dog Heartworm
  • Dengue
  • Yellow Fever
  • St. Louis Encephalitis
  • LaCrosse Encephalitis
  • West Nile Virus
  • Zika Virus

Mosquitoes threaten children most

Sadly, children are frequently the preferred targets for mosquitoes. Presumably, it is children’s lower levels of toxicity and lesser body odors that make them more attractive to mosquitoes. This makes children more at risk of contracting mosquito-borne diseases.

Mosquitoes are almost impossible to get rid of

Capable of living nearly anywhere humans can, mosquitoes only need a small amount of water to breed in. In cold weather, they can live dormant for long periods of time. Mosquitoes are able to spawn very quickly and are very resilient to extremes temperatures.

If you need reliable NJ mosquito control, let us know and we’ll let you know your best course of action.

5 Effective Ways to Protect Against Ticks

Filed under: Tick Control — admin @ 3:00 pm July 5, 2016

tick control

Ticks thrive in warm, moist conditions which is the reason they are so prolific from late spring through fall. While these months are considered “tick season”, most species can survive through the winter in temperatures over freezing, making them a year-round threat.

In order to reduce the risks involved with tick-borne illness, here the top 5 things you can do to protect yourself against ticks:

Create a chemical barrier between your home and the pests

There is a common belief that trap-setting is an effective way to deal with unwanted parasites; however that is the last thing you want to do. You are essentially inviting them closer with pleasant scents, while a chemical spray will both eliminate any existing tick and encourage other “visitors” to go elsewhere. If the chemical Acaricide is applied correctly, even once, it can kill up to 100% of the population.

Beware of wild and domesticated animals

While it may be nice to be in the company of a local deer during a barbeque or family outing, these are the large mammals that carry the highest risk of transporting one of the worst species of ticks. The deer tick is incredibly resilient and transmits Lyme disease up to 60% of the time.  It takes up to 48 hours for their saliva to inject the toxins into the blood stream so it is good practice to checkboth youself and any furry friend you may take care of right after being outside.

Create a chemical barrier between yourself and the wild

If you are leaving your house and plan to spend time outside for any reason, but especially in a wooded area, cover any exposed skin first with N, N-diethyl-m-toluamide, or DEET for short. Any product that contains at least 20% concentration of this repellant will provide protection from ticks for hours. (For clothing, spray with permethrin which kills ticks and can endure through multiple washes)

Know the symptoms of Lyme disease

If you are one of the more than 300,000 unfortunate people infected with Lyme disease each year, the symptoms may present themselves similar to the common flu, often accompanied by a bulls-eye patterned rash. If this is the case, it is highly advised to visit a doctor who can prescribe the appropriate antibiotics as soon as possible. If left untreated, Lyme disease can cause neurological problems including, but not limited to, facial paralysis and excruciating pain in muscles, joints, and bones. The disease can be completely eradicated with medication.

Avoid areas where ticks are most common

Ticks can be anywhere, but especially in wooded or grassy areas. Pay particular attention to leaves and shrubs as these are the flora which ticks can attach to until meeting with a host. Frost will not always kill all species of ticks, so continue to be aware of where you walk in the cooler months following the Fall.

If you need effective tick control in NJ, let us know and we’ll let you know your best course of action.