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How to Identify Different Types of Ants

Filed under: Ant Control — admin @ 9:00 pm February 2, 2016

There are many different types of ants in New Jersey, most of which are harmless apart from the Pharaoh ant. Many New Jersey residents notice more ants in winter or fall, when the weather starts getting colder and ants are looking for a warmer habitat. Being able to identify the different types of ants you might see in the winter can help you better plan for their eradication.

Acrobat Ants

Acrobat Ants

Acrobat Ants

Acrobat ants are small and yellow-brown or black, and are able to bend their abdomen up and place it over their body and head, hence the name “acrobat.” These ants prefer to make their colonies outdoors, usually in the damp wood of rotting trees or wooden railings and fences.

Argentine Ants

Argentine ants are dark brown in color and appear quite slender compared to other ants. They build very large colonies by driving out other ants and taking over their nests, usually in loose leaves on the ground or mulch. These ants are rarer than others in the area, but are moving North and have already established themselves in states just south of New Jersey.

Citronella Ants

Citronella ants are much lighter in color compared to other ants and have a “citronella-like” scent that is emitted when they are crushed. Although these ants typically live outdoors in underground nests. They are often seen heading indoors in the later winter months and even in the early spring.

Odorous House Ant

Odorous House Ant

Odorous House Ant

These dark brown ants nest outdoors, also under loose leaves and mulch, but can set up their colonies in houses either under the carpeting or inside walls, especially near pipes that transport heated water. They have large nests and even have many satellite nests in the same building with multiple queens.

Pharaoh Ants

Pharaoh ants are the most feared ants in New Jersey and are quite harmful to humans. Not only do they carry serious bacteria like Salmonella and Staphylococcus, but they can also contaminate food supplies and burrow into wounds to feed on blood plasma. They are tiny and red or yellow in color. They are sensitive to cold and are found only indoors in New Jersey.

Harmful or not, no one wants ants around their home or business. At Horizon Pest Control, we can help you protect your health and property by offering effective ant control solutions. Call today at 1-888-612-2847.


Acrobat Ant Photo by Bernard DUPONT from FRANCE (Acrobat Ants (Crematogaster sp.)) [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons

Odorous House Ant Photo by Brian Gratwicke, used under CC BY 2.0/ resized from original