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How Stink Bugs Survive In Your Home During Winter With Little Nutrients

Filed under: Pest Control,Stink Bugs — admin @ 7:52 am January 23, 2015

Stink Bug ControlStinkbugs are a type of overwintering pest that are particularly found in the Mid-Atlantic region. They mostly visit this region to feed on different crops. When they enter homes during winter, it is because they want to survive the cold temperature outside. These bugs are considered pests because of how they congregate by the hundreds, and the odor they emit when crushed or disturbed.

This winter, hundreds of stink bugs will be staying on porches if they are left untreated. But, how can these stink bugs survive the cold temperatures especially now that we are experiencing a long winter?

Depending on their location, stink bugs are now suffering from a typical level to a high increase of mortality rate. However, the demise of these bugs cannot be entirely blamed on the cold weather. Scientists are still learning about the causes of how these bugs survive the winter. Nutrition, which includes their fat storage and other resources, play an important role in their overwintering. However, when temperatures are extremely cold and these bugs are exposed to the snow for a long period of time, they may eventually die.

For the brown marmorated stink bugs to survive, they need to overwinter as adults in tight, dry and cold-protected places. Your home may provide such protection and in some cases, you may not even know that these bugs have already found harborage in a secluded area of your home.

Before the winter arrives, stink bugs will be busy feeding on different crops to build and store up fat. Although these bugs still require some nutrition during winter, their needs are minimal and do not require daily, or even weekly nutrition to keep them alive. Their metabolism will slow drastically and in some cases, especially when they are in unfavorable conditions, these bugs will shutdown in a process called diapause, which is similar to hibernation.

During their diapause, these bugs will feed very little or not at all. Their life and their survival will depend on their energy reserves that are stored away before they enter their dormancy. In order for these bugs to enter diapause, they will need to have stored nutrients, with the help of a good metabolism, to make it through winter. Their ability to store up fats can also affect their metabolism when they re-emerge after winter. If these bugs wake up during winter, their health and even their survival could be affected. Although researchers acknowledge that the study of stink bug diapause are poorly understood, they can still conclude that diapause include different chemical signals.

Those stink bugs that are seen moving around homes before spring are considered weakest since they run out of their fat stores. Those who are able to finish the winter and do not come out until spring are the ones with more stored resources. They are also expected to create the next generation of stink bugs, thus continuing their life cycle.

Are stink bugs invading your property? If you have a current stink bug infestation, call Horizon Pest Control. To schedule a FREE inspection, visit our New Jersey Stink Bugs page.

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The Winter-Proof Cockroach

Filed under: Cockroach Control,Pest Control — admin @ 7:51 am January 20, 2015

Cockroach ControlA lot of people are thinking that because winter is here, homes may be spared from pests. But the truth is, different bugs are around and active during winter. A particular pest that many are curious about is the appearance of the winter proof cockroach, or the periplaneta japonica.

The Periplaneta japonica is commonly found in Asia, but unfortunately, has found its way into the United States, particularly in New York. They were first met in 2012 in a park in New York by an exterminator who knew he had found a new breed of cockroach. The cockroaches were later sent to the University of Florida to be analyzed.

While there are still insufficient studies as to how these winter-proof cockroaches can affect other cockroach species, or how well they can disturb homes and businesses, most are not looking forward to the periplaneta japonica becoming a permanent resident in the U.S. One particular reason for the low enthusiasm for this breed is because their nymphs are also able to survive in snow for long periods of time. This means that the cockroach is mostly pernicious. They can withstand the long winter cold because they use a natural antifreeze called trehalose. This natural antifreeze allows them to stay alive and have their nymphs survive as well.

The periplaneta japonica is mostly found in Japan, China, and Korea and may have found its way in the United States by hitchhiking on imported plants, soils, luggage, or garbage. Although the exterminator who found the cockroaches in the park said that they had exterminated the cockroaches as soon as they were found, it should be acknowledged that cockroaches are resilient and clever. It is possible that some of them are still out there.

If these cockroaches becomes accustomed to the snow of New York and the environment it offers, it is possible that these cockroaches will stick around. This will be a problem for New Yorkers since the city also caters to different pests and cockroach species. It is still good to note that the periplaneta japonica do not hybrid, meaning that their species can only mate with another periplaneta japonica. If they are not able to meet another cockroach of their species, then they may eventually die off without creating eggs. However, if there are sufficient numbers of them, it may be possible for them to make New York their new home.

As the species invaded Korea, China, and Japan, studies have shown their resilience to cold and extreme weather. If this species has already made its way to New York, it is possible that it can live very well outdoors during winter. They can live both indoors and outdoors and can create nymphs that are also resilient to snow. The only good site to their appearance is that they cannot create hybrid roaches. So far, their first and last appearance was in the High Line, New York, and they have not appeared since then. Most New Yorkers would not await the day for this new species to become a regular in their household.

Are you tired of dealing with cockroaches? Schedule a FREE appointment with Horizon Pest Control today! For homeowners, visit New Jersey Pest Control. For business owners, click Commercial Cockroach Control.

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The Impact of the Polar Vortex on Bug Population

Filed under: Bug Control,Pest Control — admin @ 7:51 am January 16, 2015

Bug ControlThanks to the polar vortex, the population of unwanted pests may soon decline. However, the decrease in this bug population may still depend on several factors. Their location, soil moisture, their prey at each location, and the issue of reproduction will also affect the rise or decline of their population regardless of the polar vortex.

Location

Insects that are above ground, such as bagworms, and stays on tree branches, like praying mantis, can be in danger when the cold temperatures set in. Insects that are in the ground may still be spared, but will still depend on whether the insect is freeze avoidant or tolerant.

Insects, as most acknowledge, are some of the most resilient creatures. They are known to survive harsh weather conditions when other creatures are dying. Bugs which are freeze-avoidant can be tolerant to cold temperatures, but they are still prone to dying, especially when the temperatures go below the freezing points of their body fluids. Bugs such as aphids, adelgids, pine beetles, ticks, and the likes are not exactly safe from the polar vortex since they are freeze-avoidant.

Freeze tolerant insects on the other hand, can survive harsh cold weather and may even survive when 65 percent of their fluid from their body turn to ice. Insects that are freeze-tolerant are cockroaches, wooly caterpillars, and midges. They do not die during winter and will not be affected by the polar vortex.

Soil moisture

Bugs differ from types and species. Some insects are better at storing and preventing water loss while others do not.

Predators

Insects that are eaten by bats, birds, skunks and other creatures during the summer may be killed during the harsh winter months, which in a way will benefit the bugs since they will have more room to multiply. While some bugs will be killed by the freezing weather, other predators that eat these insects may also die off proportionally, evening the playing field.

Bug Reproduction

When spring arrives and bugs return to their natural way of living, the effects of the harsh weather conditions during the insect egg laying will be overshadowed with what happened during winter. Even with the polar vortex or even during subzero temperatures, the effect on the bug’s population during the summer may not be affected.

The population growth of bugs and the effect of subzero temperatures can truly affect insects in different ways. It is difficult, however, to predict the outcome of the bug population during summer. Certain species may be affected by the reduction of the population, especially when a deeper freeze lasts longer. Unfortunately we just have to wait and see how these bugs are affected by the polar vortex. Some insects are expected to survive well, while others will not be as lucky. However, one thing is for certain, they will definitely return. They always do!

Tired of dealing with bugs in or around your property? Call Horizon Pest Control today! To schedule a FREE appointment, go to Residential Pest Control Services or Commercial Pest Control Services.

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6 Ways to Pest Proof Your Home

Filed under: Pest Control — admin @ 7:50 am January 13, 2015

Residential Pest ControlOccasionally, homes are pestered by different pests who will try to invade and stay permanently if they are given a chance. Dealing with unwanted guests at home such as rodents, cockroaches, spiders, ants, termites, and more is just a nuisance. While it may be difficult to fully eradicate these pests from entering, it is still necessary to pest proof your home to lessen or permanently control these pests from entering your premises.

Ways to Pest Proof Your Home 

Clean your kitchen

Most pests are attracted to the kitchen because it offers everything they need. It is not just people who find comfort in the kitchen, but cockroaches, ants, rats, and the likes can easily find food, water and even shelter in this favorite spot. To lessen the chance of these pests from staying, make certain to leave your kitchen clean.

  • Wipe down the countertops
  • Clean the floor after every meal
  • Do not leave dirty dishes on the sink overnight
  • Transfer any food that comes in a plastic bag like rice, pet food, and nuts in tightly sealed containers

Use sticky traps

Sticky traps are easy to use. Just place them in areas where you mostly find insects or event rodents. Sticky traps can easily trap anything that crawls without the possibility of escape.

Seal entry points

Insects can easily enter homes through small spaces since they require very little room to get in. However, mice and rats also have the ability to gain entry inside a home with just the tiniest of holes. Search your home for these holes, then use caulk to seal them up. Pay close attention to windows and door frames since these areas can easily have holes and small entry space. Sealing these entry points also provides an advantage to a home this winter since you will be able to seal tiny air leaks that may allow heat to escape. While it may be difficult to find and seal all holes, lessening their quantity can also help in lessening the chances of pests to get in.

Vacuum regularly

Regularly vacuuming your home can aid in getting rid of these unwanted houseguests. The vacuum can easily suck up not only the dirt, but also the bugs that are crawling in your home. You will be able to capture ants, stinkbugs, cockroaches and their eggs, and more.

Fix leaky faucets

Leaky faucets do not just waste water, but will also attract a large number of pests. Since you will provide them an easy access to water these leaky pipes should be cleaned and fixed right away. Fixing a leaky pipe will not only let you reduce your water bill, but will help in stopping pests from drinking in your home.

Monitor your home

Although it is really difficult to check your home for all the different damages it may sustain, it is important for any homeowners to take the time to assess their properties. Walk through the house and search for entry points where these ants, cockroaches, spiders, rats, and mice may get in. Once these places are found, it is necessary to fix these areas so that you can reduce the chances of these pests from getting in.

Be active with pest control! For effective and affordable New Jersey Residential Pest Control, trust Horizon Pest Control. Call 1.888.162.2487 today!

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