The natural population of rats and mice grow through the summer months since they have increasing quantities of food such as fruits, nuts, and grains. However, when autumn comes, their food sources dwindle and temperatures drop. This is also becomes their opportunity to look for shelter and alternative food supplies. Homes are not just the only place they like to hang out since they can also be found infesting in offices, shops and factories. The bad part about this invasion is that most of the time, we don’t do anything to stop them until they have moved in, set up their homes and begin to infest the kitchen.
Rats are known to damage structures, contaminate food and transmit diseases to people. They spread more than 35 different types of diseases that can directly affect humans. They also transmit various diseases indirectly through mites or fleas.
For commercial businesses, the presence of rodents can pause a great danger since they can contaminate human food.
Signs that a Building is Infested with rats:
Droppings. Possible places where droppings can be found are behind the kitchen cabinets, pantries, cupboards, drawers, bins, and any place they might find food, or where they can run away from predators.
Hearing squeaks. Common sounds that they make are squeaks, rustling, and scampering sounds. Since rodents are not at all quiet, you will hear them moving about especially at night.
Urine pools. Rodents have weak bladders, and they will urinate anywhere they want to. House mice sometimes make things like “urinating pillars” that are consisted of grease, dirt and urine.
Nibble marks on food, boxes, and containers. These will also be followed by some droppings nearby.
Nests. Rats create their nests from soft, fuzzy or warm materials like fabric, furniture stuffing, shredded paper, grass and twigs. Then, they will stuff them into sheltered boxes, cabinets and closets, walls, inside appliances, machinery, and even computer cases. Basically, they can nest anywhere they can feel comfortable and warm.
Grease marks. Mice can get inside even the smallest of openings. And, as they wedge through these small openings, they leave greasy smears that is made by their oil and dirt in their coats. If you find large greasy smears, this mean that you have a rat infestation.
Gnaw marks. All rodents love to gnaw. They do it because their incisor teeth keep growing. Rats will eat anything that they can chew on. Electrical wires are a common victim for these rats as well as wood. At most times, you will not see gnaw marks, but you will find wood chips or coarse sawdust along baseboards, door, window frames, and cabinets.
Holes in food packaging. Boxes and bags of rice, beans, pasta and grain products can attract rodents. Dog food bags can also be a prime target of rodents since they are also attracted to its meaty smell like dogs do.
Rat Control for Businesses
Where there is plenty of food and water, it is more likely that rats will get attracted to that area especially if the premises is not secure. To avoid having an infestation, it is necessary to limit food, water, and their access to shelter. However, different control measures should also be taken seriously since these rats can reproduce quickly.
Toxic baits. Rats can easily die when they ingest such bait. However, the location that they might die may be inaccessible, creating an unbearable smell.
Trapping. Trapping is known to be most effective and safest way to control rats. There are different types of traps and most of them are more effective than poison.
1. Snap trap. This type of trap can be used repeatedly. Trapping is less expensive than poison baits. However, snap traps need more attention. Traps can be easily set in areas where rats are commonly seen and can be left there indefinitely.
2. Electrocution traps. This type of trap is more expensive than other traps, however, this is commonly used in commercial buildings and mostly recommended by pest control companies because they provide good results.
3. Glue traps. Glue traps have the same principle as the flypaper, but they are more effective for mice than on rats. If a rat gets glued on this, it may still find a way to struggle and get out, thus sensing the danger of any glue traps. For mice or rats that will be stuck, the trap will not kill them, and you may have to kill the rat by delivering a sharp blow to the base of the skull using a rod or stick. They can also struggle and drag the trap as they escape.
Whatever type of traps you are going to use, remember to place them in secluded locations where rodents are seen. Places where the droppings, gnawing, and the rat damage are seen are the perfect areas where you can set the traps since they may be found in those places. If all else fail call a professional rat removal company since it is not a good idea to ignore a rat infestation especially if your business is on the line.
For more information on how Horizon Pest Control can help you keep rats and rodents our of your business, read more here Commercial Rat Control.