New Jersey is located nearly halfway between the equators and poles, this makes the state a battleground for air masses throughout the year. New Jersey is known for its humid climates, which makes the majority of insects to thrive in this area. During the hot, sticky summer months the insects become active and multiple more quickly while the cold, dry air of winter acts as a brake on the population of the insects. But, how are these pests affecting New Jersey as the years pass by? With the warming temperature progressing northward, insects that are not that common in New Jersey will also follow.
Three Types of Pests that are Increasing in Range
Ticks are wingless, blood-feeding parasites that varies in color. These parasites are always looking for a host and if one is not available, they can survive up to a year even without feeding. However, female ticks need a blood meal before they can lay eggs. After the meal, she will drop off their host, then lays thousands of eggs. New Jersey commonly encounters the black legged tick also known as the deer tick, the American dog tick, and the lone star tick. According to the World Wildlife Fund, by mid-century, global warming will allow deer ticks and Lyme disease to spread over 68% of North America.
Eastern subterranean termites are the most common type of termite found in New Jersey. They live in large colonies numbering in the millions for large infestations. They are 1/8 to ¼ inches long and have soft, white, oval-shaped, wingless bodies. They feed on cellulose from leaf litter, wood, soil and dung. They also create small mud tubes so that they can avoid exposure and the open air. In the past couple of years, the number of termite species has been increasing and has nearly doubled from 13 to 25.
Mosquitoes are long-legged insect with wings that have three pairs of slim legs. They have long proboscis that can pierce the skin. Male mosquitoes don’t suck blood since they consume nectar. In order for the female mosquitoes to lay eggs, they need to suck blood. Having mosquitoes around can be dangerous since they have the potential to create various diseases such as dengue fever, malaria and yellow fever. It is even expected by the World Wildlife Fund that as global warming increases, these diseases will also increase to up to 60%.
Due to certain factors such as driving insect population dynamics and effects of climate change, it can be expected that their growth will further increase. For instance, fire ants that are now found as far north as Virginia, could soon arrive in New Jersey by the end of the decade. The increase in humidity in the state is also altering the distribution, incidence and intensity of animal and plant pests and diseases. However, these changes are not just happening in New Jersey since every state is affected by the changes.
Protect your property and your loved ones from pests! To get professional help, go to Residential Pest Control Services.